» m0h isj, tre #hjk 

 

 

cjy,d fre bhdf ixf";h

^21 ckjd 2007&



 

Wm kh - 1889 fkdje 14 w,ynd

fYmd,k m"Ih - bh cdsl fld5ih

1904 - sl wOHdmkh tx.,;h yefrd oHd,h

1906 - f" neg Nd.hg fm u

1912 - bhdjg meK w,ynd fGdlrKhg t"u

1916'02'08 - lu,d fre iu. jdy u

1920 - bh fld5 kdhlrjhg mru

1922'02'04 - rndrhg mru

1924 - w,ynd kd.l wdh;kf Odhd f,i mru

1926 - tx.,;h"ir,;h"xYh yd cuf ixpdrh

1936 - fld5 kdhlhd f,i kej;r mru

1942 wf. 09 - kej; rNdrhg mru

1947-1964 - ue oy bhdf :u w.ues

wNdjh - 1964 ue 27 h


bhdj fi% i; hdkh" WA 2jkg hef Wridyhl m, hjr yehg jsldj" 2j .; l<d' f,lf f ;d"IKh merf; y;rje ;ek kd .kg wo bhdjg moku yef oyi kd .eur t"l f. m< wre oy y; u< l< $ f id nj #fjdr l;dj wer;' cjy,d fre ! wfhuh cjf ]mi f kdhlrjh' uyrud .d yd fre bhdf jur yd o%Kr i jf/' wxidj u rg jehg Yd, fm!Ih" f.dvk.k .d iur fjk fj,dfj rgg wjYH oYkh f.dv ke2f fre'

cdsl tluj wes lr" oe"u" i;j fYmd,khg bfh fYmd,k{fh% fre .ek Tf/ wNdjhg wreolg l wful fLfh" lDsh" imdokh lr wef zzfreg mf lo@Zz #h,' oeje; bhdjg kdhlrjh" fok fre ;r fi" kes nj f fmd; #hd k g thg c.r cdjf. ,efl zzfref. mfi bhdjg kdhlrjh" %ugo@Zz #hk ;rf spdrh"' fu fmfl fre bhdjg wdNrKh" ;ru'

bhdf jxYjr fm,eshl rel" yehg' ngr wOHdmkh ,nd bhdjg mem fre bhdj oe"f" jduxxl weye#' ldrKdj ! fjk fldg tx.,;h weu rgj, wOHdmkh ,n wh Ofjrhg tfrj jf u;jdoh" f.dvk. id' ;dkHhg hgr rgl jefh" yehg breur h" wdrN lrk mg .r; fre jdy Kd' iodl ixlDsh yd kh wj .; lrk ,efl fl ld,h' \;h wr ]jlg fmrf 1919 wrefo fh bhdj yryd .u lr h' jeh k l" hgr f wjudkh t;ek fre wr od' oyi fidhd hkg wes Wjukdj % .ef ngu ,eK wOHdmkh iu. sK fjkg wj:dj sfnk njg #heK mdvu id'

m<jk f,l Oh wji fjk fj,dfj bhdj weuf iudk woy wes jflh rg W lr f oyi b,' ;f/ ;dr;d fuds,d fref/ wmdf h cjy,d ;reKhd fld5 fYmd,khg tluKd' je ld,h" hk bir f Y"sur" t;r woy wes ngfru mkrh ,e fre fld5if ,dnd,u kdhlhd njg mr lr.k bah ck;dj tj" .r;d'

f fjkfldg oy wr.,f hjd uyrud .d bh jehf/ wdruh njg mrfj,d' kr cjy,d ykd.rfr Tf/ h yd wkd.;h n|j oe"u t"l' f fofokdf/ ixfh.h bh oyf wfhuh Y"sh njg mrKd' f,fy .uk" fkd oy igf ;dkH md,lhf/ s s lv bhg hkg n,f.h fufyhjk fre , rejd' .d t"l rg rd weod' g l;d l<d' iu0h uu lr mrlu" re#hdj yd fkdfh" .e] id iudcfh fld fj,d ck;dj biryg 0 Tg kdhlrjh k id f ld,h fjk fldg Wure yd uOHu bhdf uyr h" b cdsl kdhlfhu njg mr Kd'



wsf uyck;djf/ cofh w,ynd k.rh md,kh lrk fomd;fuf Odhd yehg mrKr jflhf/ md,khg w% fy,k mg .r; id ;dkH ,Odg wdjdoh wr lr fo wre follg mfi ;kufr cjy,d w Kd' f ld,f Tf/ mf k yd fIfh | fr.dur u id ngr rgj .Kkdjlr fih ix.ufr ixpdrh lrk wj:dj .r;d' iuyr fj,djg f ixpdr yryd cjy,d r rg mjsk md,k 'u .ek wOHhkh lrkr wj:dj ,eKd #jr y'

kej;r bhdjg mem fre .uk mg .rf; ;f. ;dr;d fvdh ;rjh .k leuer; m< l< tjgr reO fj' rgg iK oyi kd lm kes nj fmjk wr., ue ig ug cjy,d hd' s leAjd' ;dkH n mkjk g t x.kg wxidjd i;H5y ixOdkh lrk .df/ .u i.hd njg mrKd' wsf ;dkH rchg oyi fok wreol ld,h" fok njg f #jd' j;dj" f oy Och tfijd'

f Wpu mesfrk g jflh oy .K ;dkH yod wr wvx2jg mrKd' .d r.; l<d' cjy ,d r.; l< j;dj #mh" sKd' rf oyi fjfj rndrhg mrK cjy,d ;f/ r %f wrdOr iud uf vrh" shdf.k hymr s jOkh lr .r;d' lu,d fre f/ fi!LH ;rrjh whymr fjk fj,dfj rf. oyi ,nd .r cjy,d wdfhr fY .; Kd' fojk f,l Ofh mfi bhdjg oyi fkd mjsk ne nj frre .r; ;dkHh thg s fl] mr lrk mg .r;d'

cjy,d fre oy bhdf m< w.ues yehg ws Yd, ckidoh# mrKd' uyrud .d ;kure s"fm lr wdfhr iudchg tlufjk fj,dfj cjy,d iudch tlu lr,d wd. cds NdId fO kes oeje; rg" udKh lrk n,f.h w;g .r;d'

fld ;r iudc iyfh.h" cjy,dg sKdo #fjdr jHj:djg cjy,d fre g sfl rc flfk%f/ .eu' kr f "s iy.; uIHhd ;f/ n,h .ek ;u ;"fre lrkg Wridy l<d' ;f. uOh: nj kesf #h, ixldj" wes lr .r;d' tfyu lf<A .k yeu tjlgu oi ws kef.k idoh id" wsf ; !ldmsfh" fjo #hk nfh' lmh" yehg cjy,d #hk rdcH;dylhd fpkh lr ;u fjkr ku# jr mr j,g h cd;wjdoh uu lr .k ry .r hrk wo mjd cd;H;rj w.hf fG ,"IK f,i i,l' !ldmsfh" yehg jev lrkjd #hk fpokdj we;eg ke2K fj,djl cjy,d Wr;r f ;f. ro, mu idu !ldms fjk tl ;g ,ecdj" jf/ #h,'

bhdf kreohg fujk rdcH ;dyl t .Kkdj" cjy,d fre .r;d' lud; wes l<d" bv sixlrK" h;, myl yd n,Y"s ixjOkh je wxYj, fndfydu jeo.r t .r;d' fkdne fY smrsh fjfj fm hd' l,dmf wdr"Idj yd wije rgj iu. iyfh1;djh jOkh lr.r;d' ld;d wsjdl .ek .lju Wk Kd' oyu wj ld;dj .ek bhdf sK Wu woy hgr ;h" f,i mejtur" ro, )hdldrl idr hgmr fj,d sK wj:djl ld;djf/ .rerjhr" rf wOHdmkhr kxjd iudc nidOkh wes lrk fjfykd' f yeu fohu lf<A vkfh fj" o;dfh wirK fj,d ore m," fifky rel.kg fjfyfik ohdnr fh" jf/'

bhdf fre f/ kdhlrjh .ek rg rgj fmdr jd' .re kdu Odkh l<d' ,xldjgr wer frdfomh j oHd,h ku Kduhr .r;d' oyi fjfj r.;j h brd hmhg hk ,o lDsh" yehg m<fj,d f,lhg #f f kdhlhdf/ wdrh nef wes ;ru .ek'

Wms Kr cjy,d f. w.ues ldhd,f sfl u' kr ck;dj lmkd lf<a tuud wd.fu mejf;k ;rug jehgr .re lrkjd #h,' j;dj" reO fYmd,k{fh" cjy,d .ek #fj zz;fk hg kr fl wyfnZZ #h,' f l;djg spdrh" yehg cjy,d #fj zzuu bhdfj" Zz #h, ;r' t;ek sfK Yd, oYkh"' fm!.lrjh wu;l lr,d fn j,"jd.k j woug cjy,d fre tod yeref kerk wo bhdj ;j ;jr le j,g leAp rg" ;r" fjk sKd'

f,lh .re lf<A cjy,d ckh fjk .ru t id fkfj' rg .ek ;, .r; trK id' f,lfh ngr oeu wrf.k wer rgg .e,fmk oe"u" udKh l<d' ! oYkh weuf sfl ; fld;ek b|f.k uYkh l<r f uf/ rg #hk woyi' bhdj wor wkd.;h f.dvk.f ! rdj weufr b|f.k'